WE ARE ALL A SOME KIND OF A STEREOTYPE!
The origin of the word stereotype comes from the French word stéréotype, here does stéréo-, from the Greek word stereo together with the word type from the Late Latin word typus. A stereotype is “…a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people.” (Cardwell, 1996). That was the topic of our last last CTS lesson, we talked about which stereotypes we know, if we were accosted with a stereotype in the past and if we think if it is something positive or negative.
Stereotypes influence our daily lives everyday, we judge people based on their gender, culture or group they belong to (for example age group) and to draw our conclusions from things we do not actually know about. ‘Typical’ stereotypes for,
- Men are strong and because of this they do all the work.
- Men are the “backbone” of a family
- Women are not as smart as a man.
- Women can not do a job as good as a man.
- The women is at home with the children while the man works
- All Jews are greedy from nature.
- All Asians are good at math and eat rice to every meal.
- All Irish people are alcoholics.
- All blonds are unintelligent.
- All teenagers are rebels and do not go to school.
- All children hate healthy food.
The problem with the term stereotype is that we associate it with something negative, yet is stereotyping nothing else than labeling or naming things. It is the nature of the human being to name the unnamed and this is totally ‘okay’, as long as no one gets hurt.
‘Naming is the act of best knowing a name, of labeling, of creating an identity. It is a means of structuring reality. It imposes pattern on the world that is meaningful in the namer’ (Hope A. Olson, 2002, the power to name).
Cardwell, M. (1996). Dictionary of Psychology. Chicago IL: Fitzroy Dearborn.
Katz, D., & Braly, K. (1933). Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 28, 280-290.
Todays CTS class was all about ‘IDENTITY, SUBCULTURE, REPRESENTATION and NARRATIVE‘, we talked and discussed the meaning of these individual terms.
IDENTITY in the common sense and common definition is the state of having unique identifying characteristics held by no other person or thing, Yet we lookes at Stuard Hall, who argues that ‘‘the fully unified, comleated, secure and coherent identity is fantasy’ and further he explains that ‘Within us [there] are contradictory identities, [which are] pulling in different directions, so that our identifications are continuously being shifted about’’ (S. Hall, 1992b: 277).
We looked at the term of CULTURE, what it means to us and how others think about it, we looked at the statment that culture is a ‘‘particular way of life, whether of a people, a period or a group’’ (Williams, 1976: 80), I agreeed with this idea which indecates that there is a cirtain decree of change included. For me culture is more something that undergoes changes everyday.
Continuing with the topic of SUBCULTURE which is related to CULTURE discribing a subdivision of a national culture or an enclave within it with a distinct integrated network of behaviour, beliefs, and attitudes. These subcultures are evolving, changing, developing and are created through trends, news, events, music, behavior, art, beliving systems and so on. People who identify themselfs with one of these groups find a kind of family and friends whithin there.
REPRESENTATION (three types)
The symbolic sens, symbol/ sign = representation of something
The political sense, representatives = speaking for
the cognitive sense = mental believing
A NARRATIVE could be an account, report, or story, as of events, experiences, etc it can be fictional or based of facts.
- da Rovezzano, B. (1524-1529) No title [Sculpture]. Victoria and Albert Museum London, Sculpture Collection. Available at: http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O1290850/sculpture-da-rovezzano-benedetto/ (Accessed: 02.12.2015)
- FIU Libraries (2015) What is Cataloging?. Available at: https://library.fiu.edu/about-us/cataloging/what-cataloging (Accessed: 28.11.2015)
- Idaho Commission for Libraries (2015) What is the purpose of cataloging library materials?. Available at: http://lili.org/forlibs/ce/able/course5/08purpose.htm (Accessed: 28.11.2015).
- International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (2000) ISBD(G): General International Standard Bibliographic Description. Available at: URL (Accessed: 28.11.2015).
- the Library of Congress (2014) Frequently Asked Questions about Cataloging. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/aba/about/catfaq.html (Accessed: 28.11.2015).
- Cutter, C. A. (1891) Rules for a dictionary catalogue. Washington: G.P.O.
- Hagler, R. (1997) The Bibliographic Record and Information Technology. Ottawa: American Library Association.
- Ericksen, H. and Unger, I. (ed.) (2009) The Small Museums Cataloguing Manual. 4th edition. Victoria: Museums Australia.
- Harpring, P. (2015) CATALOGING ART AND ARCHITECTURE, Introduction and Application of CDWA and CCO. Available at: https://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/intro_to_cco_cdwa.pdf (Accessed: 02.12.2015).
- University of the Arts London (2015) University Archives and Special Collections. Available at: http://archives.arts.ac.uk/Calmview/ (Accessed: 01.12.2015).
Libraries can be organised under different systems, the libraries of the University of the Arts London for example uses the Dewey Decimal System.
Invented and first published by Melvil Dewey in 1876 in the United States, is one of the most used classification systems for library institutions. The Classification system uses numbers and 10 main classes divided into several division, which are again divided into sections.
- The 10 main classes (000-900)
- example for divisions (from 700-790)
- example for sections (from 700-799)
- example for divisions (from 700-790)
- 000 – General works, Computer science and Information
- 100 – Philosophy and psychology
- 200 – Religion
- 300 – Social sciences
- 400 – Language
- 500 – Pure Science
- 600 – Technology
- 700 – Arts & recreation
- 700 Arts
- 710 Area planning & landscape architecture
- 720 Architecture
- 730 Sculpture, ceramics, & metalwork
- 740 Graphic arts & decorative arts
- 740 Graphic arts
- 741 Drawing & drawings
- 742 Perspective in drawing
- 743 Drawing & drawings by subject
- 745 Decorative arts
- 746 Textile arts
- 747 Interior decoration
- 748 Glass
- 749 Furniture & accessories
- 750 Painting
- 760 Printmaking & prints
- 770 Photography, computer art, film, video
- 780 Music
- 790 Sports, games & entertainment
- 800 – Literature
- 900 – History & geography