Critical utopia

“Imagine a world were everyone has equal opportunities, there are no social classes anymore just the whole human population as one group of equal beings. Everyone has the same rights, the freedom of speech and the right to live. There are no such things as discrimination or misbalanced goods. Everyone is the same, everyone receives the same – people share social goods such as clean water and air. There is equal food, medication and place for everyone, including a home.
Educational boundaries exist no more, there is no inequality at al anymore, no one is better than the other no one is different than the other. Things such as a persons age, sex, race, sexual orientation, religion, language, property, gender, opinions do not have a place on this planet anymore. Humans do not have an identity anymore, they live in a world which is ruled by a higher authority, that writes their lives to ensure the sameness of everyone. There is no such thing as change or individuality anymore, no power over the own future no separate person with an arbitrary decision, all the whole and no single.”

Utopias and dystopias are in the broadest sense a concept of a better or worser world. However a dystopia can still be seen as a critique to the current world where by a utopia everything is which is not happening in the current world. But in this case it is not about the unreal future visions but the ones that are possible but just not yet. They are called ‘critical utopias’ and they are both utopia and dystopia and depicted a world that might be possible at some point. The example above is one of these critical utopias due to it combines both utopian dreams such as equality and dystopian fears such as the sacrifice of the own will.

  • Moylan, T. (2001). Scraps of the untainted sky: Science fiction, utopia, dystopia. Oxford: Westview.
  • Levitas, R. (2010) The Concept of Utopia. Oxford: Peter Lang.
  • Italo Calvino (1978) Invisible Cities
  • Bloch, E. (2000) The Spirit of Utopia, trans. Anthony Nassar, Stanford: Stanford University Press.




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