The term utopia describes, in general, the vision of a better world, which does not mean that it is a perfect world which is wished for but a different one. It also could be said that those who design or desire a utopia are actually just desperate for the change in the world they currently live in.
The reason or the start of that wish for a better world (the utopia) – is that something is missing – a lack of something – in the current world (Levitas, 2000). Due to this lack, people start to dream or wish for a better world. There are (after Ernst Bloch) two aspects of this desire the “not-yet-consciousness’ which describes just the state of the idea which is either ideological or subjective and then there is the “not-yet-become” which forms the material aspects of the wish.
An example would be the #internstrikenow movement. This strike appeal is based on the fact that many or more the majority of internships today are unpaid, the employers use interns as free and unpaid helpers to boost their companies and numbers. The trainees, however, hope to find the internship a better job or might even get a job offer from that particular company. But here is the question why should they start paying for workers if they have a – theoretically spoken – endless stream of interns?
They could treat them fundamentally as they want since the interns are unpaid and due to the endless supply of new material they would not have to fear ‘short-staffnes’.
However, the moment #internstrikenow wished for a new, better model for the future, with a planned strike that every intern was supposed to join. But that never happened since many new about the fact that they are disposable. So many stayed at their working places, working because there was the fear but also the fun of the job even if they are unpaid workers.