Cataloging is a process to ease the conditions of finding a specific information under many. The verb “cataloging” describes here the act of organising information and materials in a logical way.
However, the way of doing this can vary from case to case, due to the fact that different forms of information follow different rules. Yet, a stable content is the way of cataloging itself.
It consist of three main parts:
- the vessel (for example: the database, a catalogue etc.)
- the data itself (for example: a list, a book or magazine)
- the information itself
Organising and cataloging of information in a vessel can happen beneath 5 different under-subjects, also known as the “5 head racks”:
So when we decide to catalogue information we need to make at the same time the decision under which criterium this should happen. At this point we can choose if we create a new system or if we copy a pre-existing system.
However we decide, the organisation of the information itself stays the same. We differentiate here between basic-bibliographical and physical information, better known as the ISBD(G), the General International Standard Bibliographic Description. The ISBD is divided into 8 areas of ordering information, plus punctuation. This system should help to make information over the whole world easier to access, and aides for saving time.